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Diabetic Retinopathy Details

Read about the clinical details of Diabetic Retinopathy

Overview

Diabetic Retinopathy is a diabetes complication that affects the eyes. At first, there may be mild to no symptoms, but it can eventually cause blindness. Anyone with either type 1 or 2 diabetes is at risk. The longer you have diabetes and the less controlled your blood sugar is, the higher your risk is. There are very few symptoms in the early stages, but it progresses, you may see worsened vision in both eyes. There are two main types of diabetic retinopathy, early and advanced. Early is also referred to as non-proliferative, and advanced is known as proliferative.

Symptoms

  • Spots or dark strings in your vision
  • Blurred vision
  • Fluctuating vision
  • Impaired color vision
  • Dark or empty areas in your vision
  • Vision loss
  • Fluctuating vision
  • Fluctuating vision
  • Treatments

  • Photocoagulation - This laser treatment, also known as focal laser treatment, can stop or slow the leakage of blood and fluid in the eye. During the procedure, leaks from abnormal blood vessels are treated with laser burns.
  • Panretinal photocoagulation - This laser treatment, also known as scatter laser treatment, can shrink the abnormal blood vessels. During the procedure, the areas of the retina away from the macula are treated with scattered laser burns. The burns cause the abnormal new blood vessels to shrink and scar.
  • Vitrectomy - This procedure uses a tiny incision in your eye to remove blood from the middle of the eye (vitreous) as well as scar tissue that's tugging on the retina. It's done in a surgery center or hospital using local or general anesthesia.